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Last Updated
20 April 2007
Welcome to pangonid.net!


Philoliche gulosa resting on a branch in the Cederberg, WCP, South Africa.
Photo: Shelah Morita

Beautiful, Bloodsucking Pollinators

Horse flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) are some of the most commonly known and least understood of all flies. Most have heard their unnerving, booming flight and experienced their painful bite. However, tabanids are more than just annoying bloodsuckers; all horse flies also visit flowers. In fact, some are quite specialized for this with proboscis lengths more than 20mm long! This site is designed to provide information and links about horse flies. I also provide some keys for pollination biologists and others working with horse flies.


Copyright © 2007 S.I. Morita
Please contact me if you would like to use any of these materials or images at simorita(a)ncsu.edu. Images produced by SEL, USDA/ARS are public property and can be used freely as long as they are clearly acknowledged. Other material and images presented here not owned by S.I. Morita remain the property of their authors. Please contact them directly concerning their use.